Emergency Preparedness News and Announcements

Severe Cold

CODE: PLAIN SPEECH/TEXT

Defined

When the facility temperature reaches 65 degrees Fahrenheit and remains so for four (4) hours.

Immediate Action

Monitor facility’s weather alert radio, television, and broadcast radio for changing conditions, alerts, and warnings.

Common Staff Assignments

  • Be prepared to relocate residents to safe areas in advance of a serious situation; be proactive and do not wait for the situation to become dire.
  • Ensure windows and draperies are closed and distribute appropriate equipment to staff members (flashlights, first aid supplies etc.).

Specific Staff Assignments

  1. As severe weather potential develops, announce the appropriate alerts based on developing conditions:
  2. Secure the outside of the facility.
  3. Activate the facility’s ICS if needed.
  4. As severe weather arrives or warnings are issued for the area, communicate alerts based on developing conditions:
    • Activate the facility’s ICS.
    • Relocate residents, staff members, and visitors to safe, pre-designated locations.
    • Close all interior doors.
    • Shut down non-essential equipment.
    • Monitor residents closely.
  5. Notify fire department and local authorities.
  6. Ensure residents are dressed warmly and have enough blankets/coverings.
  7. Cover the heads of the residents and protect other extremities.
  8. Force fluids, if necessary.
  9. Monitor body temperatures.
  10. Monitor environmental thermometers.
  11. Evacuate residents if residents’ safety and welfare is jeopardized.
  12. Notify Medical Director
  13. Utilize appropriate sections of the Kentucky LTC Emergency Preparedness Manual to manage the incident as needed.
  14. Maintain all operations in accordance with the ICS until the incident is officially terminated.

Planning Ahead/Training

Understand National Weather Service weather terminology so that appropriate action can be taken when required.

  1. Blizzard Warning—Blizzard event is anticipated within 24-36 hours.
  2. Blizzard Watch—Sustained wind or gusts of 35 mph accompanied by snow or snow drifts make conditions favorable for a blizzard event. Visibility of less than 1⁄4 mile for a period of three – four hours is possible.
  3. Freezing Rain Advisory—an accumulation of freezing rain of below 1⁄2” (warning criteria) is anticipated within 12-36 hours.
  4. Ice Storm Warning—Storm with the potential of bringing 1⁄2” or more of ice within 12-36 hours and covering at least 50% of zone or population concentration area.
  5. Wind Chill Advisory—Conditions suggest that wind chill temperatures exceeding -15 degrees F are possible during the next 24-72 hours.
  6. Wind Chill Warning– Conditions suggest that wind chill temperatures exceeding -25 degrees F are likely during the next 24-72 hours.
  7. Wind Chill Watch—Conditions suggest that wind chill temperatures exceeding -25 degrees F are possible during the next 24-72 hours.
  8. Winter Storm Warning—Likelihood that heavy sleet, heavy snow, ice and/or blowing snow will develop within 24-72 hours. Criteria for snow: 7 inches of accumulation within 12 hours; 9 inches or more within 24 hours, that covers 50% or more of the zone or population concentration area. Criteria for ice is 1⁄2” or more covering 50% or more of the zone.
  9. Winter Storm Watch—Potential that heavy sleet, heavy snow, ice and/or blowing snow will develop within 24-72 hours. Criteria for snow: 7 inches of accumulation within 12 hours; 9 inches or more within 24 hours, that covers 50% or more of the zone or population concentration area. Criteria for ice is 1⁄2” or more covering 50% or more of the zone.
  10. Winter Weather Advisory—Greater than 80% that winter storm (snow, ice, sleet or a combination) will occur within 12-36 hours, but stay less than warning threshold.

See Also

evacuation, severe heat (watch or warning), tornado (watch or warning), flood, shelter-in-place, snow emergency, utility outage